Historic City of Toledo, Spain


Historic City of Toledo (Recognition as UNESCO World Heritage Site, 1986)


Throughout its more than 2,000 years of history, Toledo has been a Roman municipum, the capital of the Visigothic kingdom, a fortress of the Emirate of Cordoba and temporary seat of supreme power of the Spanish empire under Charles V. This succession of cultures has left behind masterpieces in its streets thanks to the coexistence of the legacy of the three great religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam.

Kalam has constantly and notably contributed to the conservation of the historic city of Toledo, collaborating with the Toledo Consortium in many of the projects carried out since its foundation.  Here, we wish to highlight only a small part of the wide variety of work carried out by our technical staff as a representation of the artisan craftwork done by our team: the enhancement of the Islamic remains of the Cobertizo de las Doncellas (Maiden’s shed), the restoration of the Neo-Mudéjar architecture of the Tower of San Miguel and San Bartolomé; our intervention in Renaissance works such as the roof of the Colegio de los Infantes, with sculptures by Alonso de Covarrubias; the recovery of the eighteenth century plasterwork in the Callejón de la Santa Fe, the restoration of the impressive doors of the Church of San Ildefonso; the interiors decorated with coffered ceilings from the sixteenth century; the alfarjes, mural paintings, and plasterwork found in the Convent of San Clemente; the confraternity of Santa Caridad in the Church of Santa Justa; or the Convent of the Purísma Concepción, where the fifteenth century vault was also consolidated. All this accomplished by our stable team of master craftsmen and restorers; and under a Master Plan in which our graduates in Art History, Fine Arts and specialized technicians, actively participated. In historical districts with these characteristics, subject to special heritage declarations or protections, it is important to maintain a constant coherence in all the work carried out. In this manner, our team of expert artisans and technicians undertake this work from a multi-disciplinary point of view, working towards the global objective of revaluing the area as a whole.

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